Daytime sleepiness – an alarming symptom?
During the day, the man is awake, and at night he sleeps. It has been a tradition since ancient times. And it is in this mode that the human biological clock works. But sometimes people experience daytime sleepiness. This condition interferes with the working or educational process, causes deterioration of health, and sometimes completely changes the plans. What can daytime sleepiness signal? And when does a symptom require special attention?
Drowsiness, which is considered normal
Everyday person periodically faces daytime sleepiness. If this condition appears rarely, then there is no cause for alarm. Attention requires constant yawning and a desire to sleep, which appear with enviable regularity.
To normal physiological phenomenon include drowsiness during the day, caused by the following reasons:
reception of a full lunch;
cloudy, rainy day;
stuffiness in the room;
too hot day;
insufficient lighting in the room;
wrong sleep mode (later falling asleep);
long journeys, flights;
physical, psycho-emotional, mental stress;
lack of sleep;
medication, accompanied by drowsiness (antihypertensive drugs, some antiallergic drugs, antipsychotics, tranquilizers).
Such factors cause temporary sleepiness. As soon as the cause is eliminated, the person’s condition quickly normalizes and unpleasant yawning no longer appears.
When sleepiness becomes an alarm
If a person sleeps at least 7-8 hours at night, but at the same time he is tormented by constant drowsiness, then the causes of such a state are often hidden in the pathologies occurring in the body. Independently diagnose such diseases is very difficult, because a strong desire to fall asleep occurs with many disorders.
According to medical research, sleepiness is most often caused by:
1. Depression, nervous exhaustion
Long-term stresses, starvation, excessive loads, prolonged chronic diseases lead to such conditions. The patient complains not only about drowsiness, but also about the appearance of:
decrease in thought processes.
In humans, insulin is not properly synthesized or absorbed by the tissues. This leads to a decrease in energy in the cells. Such a process is reflected in the work of many systems. If the cause of increased drowsiness is caused by diabetes, then the patient may experience the following symptoms:
With diabetes mellitus, there is always a feeling of thirst and drowsiness.
feeling weak, tired;
increased amount of urine;
smell of acetone from the mouth;
Obese people often experience apnea. This is a pathological condition in which breathing stops during sleep. It manifests apnea in the form of a short interruption of snoring. To restore breathing, the brain has to wake up and run all the mechanisms. Such awakenings can occur several times during the night. Against the background of poor-quality sleep, a person is confronted with daytime sleepiness.
The following reasons may cause severe sleepiness:
blood diseases (leukemia, anemia);
traumatic brain injury (TBI);
rehabilitation after illness, injury;
restless legs syndrome;
vegetovascular dystonia (VVD);
insufficient thyroid function;
kidney diseases (glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, hydronephrosis);
liver diseases (cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis);
intoxication of the body.
During menopause, women experience drowsiness.
Women may experience increased drowsiness during menopause. This phenomenon is caused by the failure of hormones. And in men, hypoandrogenism (lack of testosterone in the body) may underlie fatigue and chronic yawning.
Drowsiness – a sign of dangerous conditions
The following states deserve special attention:
acute intoxication (taking opiates, botulism);
hypothermia (body cooling and freezing);
TBI (brain edema, hematoma);
pre-eclampsia of pregnant women;
severe forms of internal poisoning (hepatic or renal coma).
If, against the background of such pathologies, drowsiness suddenly appears, then it is a symptom of an approaching catastrophe. Such a symptom may indicate severe brain damage.
In such conditions, excessive sleepiness may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
severe dizziness (may indicate brain hypoxia);
increased or slowed heartbeat;
nausea, vomiting (appears in case of poisoning);
blurred vision and the appearance of “flies” before the eyes (observed in pre-eclampsia);
sharp pressure drop;
loss of consciousness.
In these cases, you should immediately contact the doctors for help.