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Chronic pain syndrome: types, causes, when to see a doctor

Pain is a kind of signal, indicating that not everything is in order in the body: it could be a trauma, a disease, or a pathological condition. Usually, when recovery or healing occurs, the pain disappears. Therefore, it is necessary for us to recognize the disease in time and take measures to eliminate it, that is, pain is a protective reaction of the body.
Chronic pain syndrome: types, causes, when to see a doctor

What is chronic pain syndrome?
Pain is a kind of signal, indicating that not everything is in order in the body: it could be a trauma, a disease, or a pathological condition. Usually, when recovery or healing occurs, the pain disappears. Therefore, it is necessary for us to recognize the disease in time and take measures to eliminate it, that is, pain is a protective reaction of the body.

But sometimes pain hurts a person for a long time, and doctors cannot determine with which particular disease it is associated. In this case, talking about chronic pain syndrome. Under this term in medicine understand the pain that lasts for 3 months or more, when the reasons for them are no longer available. The wound has already healed, the bone has grown together, the disease is cured, and the pain does not stop. Such pain is no longer a defensive reaction, but becomes an independent disease.

What causes chronic pain?
The basis of chronic pain syndrome is a variety of reasons: from physiological to psychological and social. As a rule, chronic pain is preceded by certain traumatic events:

surgeries or severe injuries;
stroke or myocardial infarction;
strong emotional shock, stress.
Chronic pain caused by stress
But chronic pain itself is not caused by diseases or damage to organs, but by disturbances in the activity of the nervous system: a person fails in the system of pain control. That is, the pain system is overstimulated, the pain threshold decreases, distorted pain impulses enter the brain, and even minor irritations are felt as severe pain.

How chronic pain manifests
Chronic pain can torment a person for years, not diminishing, but not increasing.

Feels pain as very strong.

The pain is present during wakefulness; in a dream, it disappears or is significantly weakened.

Pain can be localized in any area of ​​the body. Most often they occur in the area of ​​the back, pelvis, head.

By the nature of chronic pain can be stabbing and cutting, burning and pulling, permanent or paroxysmal.

With certain body positions or movements, the pain may become stronger or weaker.

If the pain is caused by injury or injury, it remains after recovery. Example: phantom pain in an amputated limb.

Constant exhausting pain has a devastating effect. He develops depression, disturbed sleep, anxiety, fear, a sense of hopelessness and hopelessness.

In turn, the pain syndrome may develop after a severe mental trauma as a protective reaction from heartache. Then, between the pain and psycho-emotional state there is a steady connection. So a vicious circle arises: first, physical pain distracts from emotional experiences, and then chronic pain becomes a factor supporting and aggravating depression.

How to get rid of chronic pain?
Chronic pain syndrome – a nonstandard disease. First, it does not reveal any analysis. Secondly, its symptoms are very subjective and depend on the sensations of a particular patient. Therefore, it is not easy to diagnose chronic pain. The diagnosis is made by the method of exclusion: the patient is examined for various pathologies and diseases, and if they do not find anything, it means that the patient suffers from chronic pain syndrome.

Antidepressants to help deal with pain
Treatment of chronic pain syndrome should be complex. They use painkillers, physiotherapeutic procedures and necessarily psychotherapeutic treatment, including the use of antidepressants.

Do I have to endure the pain?
In no case. Constant pain causes incredible torment, both physical and mental. It affects the whole body: the patient has a disturbed metabolism, malfunctions of the internal organs, the central nervous system suffers. The quality of life is sharply reduced, the personality of a person is destroyed.

Previously, people suffering from chronic pain, could not count on medical help. They were examined by various specialists, went from office to office, but nobody could discover the cause of their condition – doctors still did not understand the mechanisms of development of chronic pain syndrome. Today, medicine is able to save a person from constant pain. The main thing is to establish the correct diagnosis.

But do not need to self-medicate. Trying to get rid of pain with painkillers is useless. First, they do not always help.

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