The consequences of prolonged lack of sleep
Full sleep is the main component of a healthy lifestyle, because our body needs to be restored daily. Unfortunately, for a modern person, constant lack of sleep has become almost the norm. Few people think that even a minimal reduction in the duration of sleep will certainly affect health, mental acuity and psycho-emotional state. And in the long term, chronic lack of sleep will definitely affect your health.
How long should a healthy sleep
Each person is unique and has an individual need for rest. Based on medical recommendations – the optimal sleep duration for an adult should be from 7 to 8 hours. But these figures vary depending on the age and physiological characteristics of the person. For example, children need to sleep much more, the need for sleep decreases with age. Therefore, in each case, the rate of sleep will be different.
Duration of sleep, recommended by doctors and scientists:
Infants (0–3 months) – 16-18 hours;
Toddlers (4–12 months) – 12–15 hours;
Children (from 1–6 years old) – 11-14 hours;
Schoolchildren (6–13 years old) – 9-11 hours;
Teenagers (14–17 years old) – 8-10 hours;
Adults (18–64 years old) – 7-8 hours;
Elderly people (65+) – 6.5-8 hours.
Of course, these are not absolute indicators of healthy sleep. To understand whether you are sleeping enough time, you need to evaluate your health in the daytime. If you get enough sleep, you will feel energetic, vigorous and full of strength. Prolonged lack of sleep immediately affect mood and well-being, a person becomes sluggish, irritable, his reaction slows down and his memory deteriorates.
The consequences of prolonged lack of sleep
Long-term lack of sleep can not but affect the quality of life: over time, mood, well-being, brain function and general health condition noticeably deteriorate.
It has been scientifically proven that persistent lack of sleep can provoke arterial hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, nervous disorders, visual disturbances, diabetes mellitus and other pathologies.
Moreover, after numerous studies, scientists from different countries came to the single conclusion that sleeping less than 7 hours a day reduces life expectancy by almost 10 years, while the risk of developing severe pathologies and a sudden death result increases by 2 times.
Lack of sleep can affect health
What causes a chronic lack of sleep? If a person is less than half a year and does not sleep well, then chronic lack of sleep develops, which is fraught with serious difficulties in falling asleep in the future; sometimes even long-term therapeutic treatment does not help.
A person who does not sleep well feels tired, deprived of vitality and energy, there is a feeling of complete weakness and headaches. Studies show that chronic sleep deprivation can lead to the development of serious and deadly diseases – from diabetes to cancer.
The consequences of lack of sleep for women
Unlike men, women need to sleep longer. This is due to physiological characteristics, the female brain can perform several tasks simultaneously, so it takes more time to recover.
It is no secret that women are more emotional and depressed, therefore they suffer much more from the effects of lack of sleep than men. In addition, chronic sleep deprivation can cause hormonal disruption and problems with women’s health.
Lack of sleep adversely affects appearance. A woman who constantly lack sleep for swollen eyelids, pale skin, dark circles under the eyes and deep wrinkles appear. A woman looks unhealthy, unhappy and tired. During a night’s sleep, the body produces an important hormone, melatonin, which is a powerful antioxidant and slows down the process of natural aging. At full night’s sleep, skin cells are restored, blood flow improves, natural smoothing of facial wrinkles occurs, and skin color improves.
Premature aging in women
Doctors confirm that women who do not get enough sleep regularly get better quickly and are obese. If the body does not have enough sleep, the production of hormones responsible for the feeling of fullness is reduced.
It follows that the less we sleep, the more we eat. In addition, lack of sleep worsens metabolic processes in the body, so overweight gains 2 times faster.
With a lack of sleep, the body is constantly under stress, with increased production of cortisol. This hormone is actively involved in fat, carbohydrate and protein metabolism.
If the level of cortisol increases, then the immune defense and elasticity of the muscle fibers decrease, this has a negative effect on the condition of the hair and nails, and the skin becomes flabby. Under the influence of the hormone cortisol, aging is accelerated at the cellular level.
Decreased female libido
Lack of sleep adversely affects a woman’s sex life, libido and the level of sexual arousal decrease.