The consequences of head injury
Head bruising is an injury that does not damage the skin. There is no open wound, there is no blood; nevertheless, this injury can be very serious and cause severe and long-lasting consequences, even death.
With a head injury, two options are possible: 1) a brain contusion is the most serious injury and 2) soft tissue contusion is a less dangerous injury. Head injury may be accompanied by hemorrhage, compression of the brain, fracture of the bones of the skull.
Manifestations of head injury
They can be different depending on the strength of the traumatic factor, the duration of its action, the location of the injury. But there are symptoms that occur with any injury, the so-called cerebral:
pain and dizziness;
nausea, sometimes causing vomiting;
attention and memory disorders, in some cases memory loss.
If, after the injury, there is a severe headache, repeated vomiting, and the muscles of the neck and neck are strained in the victim, then this indicates a serious brain damage.
There are other symptoms that indicate an injured area. So, double vision, temporary loss of vision appear if a bruise fell on the back of the head. With a trauma of the frontal lobes, excitement develops, manifestations of aggression or euphoria, confusion of consciousness are possible.
Soft tissue contusion
This is a fairly common injury, and it does not carry a serious threat to life and health. The main manifestation of such a bruise is a lump that occurs at the point of impact – swelling due to hemorrhage from damaged vessels and edema. A bump when touched is painful.
As a rule, such injuries pass by themselves, do not require treatment, and do not give complications. To reduce hemorrhage, immediately after the injury, apply ice to the damaged area, and then, the next day, heat.
Sometimes, if the lump is large (massive hemorrhage), it is opened, the contents are removed (drained) and treated with an antiseptic.
The consequence of such an injury may be suppuration hematoma. Patients with diabetes are at risk.
This injury is much more serious and requires medical assistance. Otherwise, severe complications may develop.
A mild degree of brain contusion is manifested by short-term loss of consciousness, pain and dizziness, nausea with vomiting, distracted attention. Usually, all symptoms disappear within 2-3 weeks. Subject to the recommendations of the doctor comes full recovery.
In case of a brain injury of moderate severity, the victim is unconscious until 4 o’clock, and after that for several more hours he feels stunned. He has cerebral symptoms, and there are manifestations of brain damage. Possible speech disorders, impaired coordination of movements.
A severe head injury is a very dangerous, life-threatening condition. The victim may be impaired work of the heart, respiratory system, he may be in a coma for several days.
The consequences of head injury
They are determined by the severity of the injury, the individual characteristics of the victim, received treatment, compliance with medical recommendations. Much depends on the stage of rehabilitation after an injury, but it is quite long: for minor injuries – 2 months, for moderate injuries – 4 months, for severe injuries – six months.
The long-term effects of a bruise can appear immediately after recovery, and for several years after injury.
post-traumatic encephalopathy, characterized by persistent headaches, insomnia, eye twitching, nervous exhaustion, depressive states;
residual neurological phenomena – impaired speech, vision, motor coordination, sensitivity, paresis and paralysis, etc .;
decrease in memory, attention, ability to intellectual activity;
episindrom – symptomatic epilepsy;
mental disorders – traumatic asthenia (characterized by hot temper, irritability, lack of faith in their strength, indecision), traumatic apathy (low activity lethargy, lethargy), depression, mania, psychosis.
In severe brain contusions, very often (30-50% of cases) the victim either dies or remains in a vegetative state after a coma.
In case of any head injury, especially if it was accompanied by nausea and vomiting, loss of consciousness (even for a few seconds), disorientation, it is necessary to consult a doctor. With the timely treatment of many serious consequences of injury can be avoided.