What does emotional lability mean
In psychiatry, this term is understood to mean the unstable state of the nervous system, which is expressed in a sharp change of polar moods (labilis means “unstable” in Latin). The second name for this disorder is weakheadedness.
Some emotional lability is characteristic of people with choleric temperament, who overreact to the slightest stimuli. But in this case, such instability is not a pathology.
A pathological disorder is said to occur when mood swings are accompanied by other signs, as well as vegetative disturbances — reddening of the face, trembling of the hands, rapid heartbeat, bouts of sweating, a brief fainting.
Causes of emotional lability
Emotional lability may develop under the influence of diseases or pathological conditions, and may occur under the influence of factors not related to physiology.
Weakness is often accompanied by asthenic syndrome associated with cerebral vascular disease, hypertension or hypotension. Serious diseases and brain tumors, traumatic brain injuries, diabetes insipidus also provoke emotional lability.
Often weak-mindedness is the result of hormonal adjustment, age-related changes.
Other non-organic causes include:
constant nervous tension
long stressful situations;
Children may suffer from emotional instability:
with a lack of love and attention of parents;
with pampered and permissiveness;
with too strict upbringing.
A factor that provokes weakness in a child is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – ADHD.
Manifestations of emotional lability
Recognize this pathological disorder by the following signs.
The first and main feature is a sharp change of mood, an unfounded transition from tears to laughter and vice versa.
A person is subject to sudden affective outbursts: tears, anger, hysteria without visible reason, which are replaced by tearfulness, apathy, despondency.
A person is frightened by any difficulties, even the smallest. He is confident that he will not be able to cope with them.
A man to heart takes any events, especially unpleasant for him. He does not tolerate criticism at all.
A person under the influence of emotions does not control himself and can act very risky.
Emotional lability – illness or difficult character?
Undoubtedly, this is a disease, and a person suffering from it can and should be treated. Only now the correct diagnosis can only be made by a specialist – a neurologist or a psychotherapist.
First you need to find out whether this condition is a symptom of any serious illness. If yes, then it is necessary to treat the patient from her. The underlying disease will disappear – the symptoms of weakheadedness will also go away.
Otherwise, the correction begins with finding out what triggered the development of the disorder. The treatment includes psychotherapeutic sessions and drugs – tranquilizers, antidepressants, vitamins.
Treatment for children is prescribed strictly individually, not less important is the enlightenment of parents, on whose support the condition of the child and his future life in society largely depend.