How often need to be tested
Excellent health can boast a few. Bad ecology, intense rhythm of life, heredity, bad habits contribute to the development of diseases. And even half of those who are confident in their good health are often mistaken. After all, pathology can flow for a long time covertly.
The only method to detect the disease at the initial stage is a regular medical examination. It remains only to remember what kind of research needs to be done and how often to take tests.
Recommended tests: why and when to take them
It is difficult to get a person to be examined if nothing bothers him. In an effort to refuse, he will find many reasons why this should not be done: long lines, the need to take time off from work or take time off. But if you look at the mortality statistics, you begin to realize the value of health.
The life expectancy of an average resident of Russia is 71.4 years. And the population dies not from old age, but from a “bunch” of acquired diseases that were not detected in time and were not treated at a time when the chances of recovery were as high as possible.
The list of mandatory laboratory tests includes:
1. Complete blood count (or UAC)
The sampling of biomaterial is made from a finger or from a vein. The study determines the level of hemoglobin, assesses the ESR reaction (this is the sedimentation rate of red cells – red blood cells), the level of leukocytes, red blood cells, determines the leukocyte formula.
General blood analysis
The obtained indicators will give an idea of the presence (or confirm the absence) of an inflammatory, infectious process in the body, the development of anemia, and some blood diseases.
2. Biochemical blood test
Blood sampling is carried out from a vein. The study determines the level of cholesterol, glucose, bilirubin, triglycerides, creatinine, urea, total protein, ALT and AST enzymes, important trace elements.
Based on the results obtained, a specialist can identify the development of cardiovascular pathologies, diseases of the liver, kidneys, gallbladder, pancreas. In addition, biochemistry assesses the speed and quality of the flow of metabolic processes, gives an idea of the deficiency of trace elements.
3. Urinalysis (OAM)
For diagnosis surrenders morning urine in a sterile container. OAM allows you to evaluate the functioning of the urogenital system. The density level characterizes the work of the kidneys.
The presence of protein, glucose, bilirubin, erythrocytes indicate the development of diseases of the liver, kidneys, and diabetes. The presence of leukocytes and bacteria in the urine confirms the flow of infectious processes in the urinary tract.
How often do you need to be tested? For each patient, the frequency of diagnosis is individual. If a person is not worried about anything, and the tests submitted confirm that he is completely healthy, then repeated studies can be carried out after 1 year.
Regular medical examinations include such studies:
Fluorography evaluates the condition of the lungs. It allows you to detect tuberculosis at an early stage, gives an idea about the diseases of the pleura and the presence of malignant tumors.
X-rays must be done every year.
Such a diagnosis is undertaken to determine the work of the heart.
3. Ultrasonography of the organs of the peritoneum and small pelvis
The study of the peritoneum cavity allows to assess the condition of many internal organs: liver, spleen, pancreas, gallbladder, kidneys.
Ultrasound determines the structure, shape, presence of tumors, calculus, cysts, the location of organs. Pelvic ultrasound diagnoses the pathologies of the reproductive system: ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes in women and prostate in men. In addition, the examination shows the state of the rectum, ureters and bladder.
The list of mandatory studies may include some additional analyzes and surveys. The feasibility of such a diagnosis is dictated by the patient’s age, place of residence, lifestyle.
The doctor may recommend:
1. Study of thyroid hormone levels
Such a blood test should be donated to all people who live in areas depleted of natural iodine. The study assesses the functioning of the gland, the level of hormones produced. Timely therapy eliminates the risk of severe complications.
Thyroid hormone analysis
How often do blood tests for hormones? If the thyroid gland functions correctly, then it is enough once a year. In the presence of pathologies, the doctor prescribes the test delivery schedule.
2. Blood for hepatitis B, C markers, HIV
These studies are recommended for patients who frequently visit the dentist, have undergone extensive surgery, and tattoo lovers. A blood test should be given to people who change sexual partners. The frequency of the study depends on the patient. It is usually recommended to undergo a diagnosis 1 time in 6-12 months.