Acupuncture, or acupuncture, is an ancient method of treatment based on the effect of needles on the so-called biologically active points of the body. It is also called reflexotherapy, acupuncture.
Acupuncture originated in ancient China more than 6 thousand years ago. It is based on the teaching of the vital energy of qi, which circulates through the body through special channels – the meridians, thanks to which all human organs and systems work normally. A disease occurs when obstacles appear in the path of energy and its flow is disturbed. As a result, in one organ there is an overabundance of energy, and in the other – its lack, that is, the balance of energies is disturbed. Influencing needles on certain points – biologically active, or reflex ones, it is possible to remove these obstacles and restore the correct passage of Qi along the meridians. How? Each reflex point is associated with a particular organ, and when the needle is mechanically stimulated, the inflow of energy to the diseased organ increases or, on the contrary, weakens.
From the point of view of modern science, stimulation with a needle affects the nerve fibers, as a result of which certain impulses are sent to the brain. They can block a specific part of the brain that is perceiving pain, or it can cause the release of large amounts of endorphins, and thus the effect of pain relief is achieved. In addition, with the help of acupuncture, it is possible to activate a part of the brain that regulates the work of a particular organ, thus improving its innervation and blood supply, which helps to speed up recovery.
Acupuncture in its present form appeared in the early 1930s thanks to the work of Chinese pediatrician Chen Dan’an. He studied various acupuncture practices and summarized their data, instead of using thick needles, he suggested using thin, compiled an exact atlas of points, there are about 700. In our country, acupuncture began to be used from the 1940s, it is recognized by the Ministry of Health and is widely used in medical practice, although Representatives of official medicine still do not have a unanimous opinion about this method: after all, its effectiveness has not been confirmed by clinical trials. Nevertheless, acupuncture has helped rid millions of people of many diseases.
For which diseases acupuncture is used
Acupuncture has a positive effect on a variety of diseases and pathologies. It:
diseases of the musculoskeletal system: arthrosis, arthritis, periarthritis, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, myositis, calcaneal spur, sprain;
respiratory diseases: bronchitis, bronchial asthma, chronic pneumonia (in remission), tracheitis, laryngitis;
diseases of the digestive system: biliary dyskinesia, gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastritis, duodenitis, functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract;
central and peripheral nervous system diseases: vertebral hernia, radiculitis, neuritis, neuralgia, neurosis, migraine, dizziness, nocturnal enuresis, nervous tic, hysteria;
cardiovascular diseases: hypotension, hypertension, 1–2 nd degree, cardiac block, arrhythmia;
gynecological diseases: menstrual disorders, ovarian dysfunction, sterility caused by hormonal causes, manifestations of menopause;
diseases of the genitourinary system: chronic cystitis, prostatitis, nephritis;
eye diseases: reduced visual acuity, strabismus, oculomotor disorders;
endocrine disorders: thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, mild hyperthyroidism, type 2 diabetes;
allergies: urticaria, neurodermatitis, eczema;
getting rid of bad habits: alcoholism, drug addiction, smoking;
getting rid of excess weight.
How the acupuncture procedure is performed
The doctor feels the area where the needles will be placed to determine the desired point, then treats the skin with alcohol and introduces the needle with a rotational movement. Depending on the desired effect, the needle is inserted at different depths, at different angles and at different times. Sometimes the needles are left for a few days, in these cases they use gold or silver needles. To enhance the therapeutic effect of the needles can supply an electric current.
What are the contraindications
There are a number of contraindications to acupuncture. The absolute ones include mental disorders, tumors, blood diseases, high fever, infectious diseases, complicated pregnancy, up to one year of age, as well as acute pains of unknown origin.
Relative contraindications to acupuncture include impaired cerebral circulation, polio, multiple sclerosis, progressive muscular dystrophy, normal pregnancy, age over 70, and exhaustion and severe physical exhaustion. In these cases, whether the patient can carry out the procedure, the doctor decides.
In addition, it is not recommended to put needles in places with skin lesions, moles and scars, the area of varicose veins. Children under 7 years old do not want to affect the points of the face and front of the head.