What are nootropics and how do they work
Nootropic drugs today have been very popular. Nootropics have been taken not only on prescription, but also independently, to improve memory and attention. How justified and, most importantly, safe? What…

Continue reading →

The consequences of head injury
Head bruising is an injury that does not damage the skin. There is no open wound, there is no blood; nevertheless, this injury can be very serious and cause severe…

Continue reading →

How often need to be tested
Excellent health can boast a few. Bad ecology, intense rhythm of life, heredity, bad habits contribute to the development of diseases. And even half of those who are confident in…

Continue reading →

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease in which the arteries are affected and the fat and protein metabolism in the vascular tissues is disturbed. Atherosclerosis progresses over many years and causes cardiovascular diseases: hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, myocardial infarction – and peripheral vascular disease.
Atherosclerosis

Causes of Atherosclerosis
The cause of atherosclerosis is a metabolic fat, having a genetic origin. Among the factors that determine the disease are also excessive consumption of fatty foods high in cholesterol, sugar, lack of physical activity, high blood pressure, overweight, and diabetes. As a result of the action of one or several of these factors, a large amount of cholesterol is contained in the blood of a patient with atherosclerosis. It settles on the inner walls of the arteries, forming the so-called cholesterol plaques. As a result, the arteries harden, and their lumen narrows, preventing blood flow, which leads to starvation of tissues. Malnutrition organs, especially the heart and brain, are affected.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis
At the initial stage, atherosclerosis develops asymptomatically. The disease is detected during examination or with the appearance of complications. With the defeat of heart vessels, angina (heart pain), heart failure, coronary heart disease occur; if time does not take action, myocardial infarction is possible. Symptoms of cerebral arteriosclerosis are dizziness, especially during sudden changes in body position, noise in the head, memory impairment; when the cerebral artery is broken, a cerebral hemorrhage occurs – a stroke. The symptoms of atherosclerosis of the abdominal vessels include abdominal pain, in the upper half, usually after eating, bloating, belching, and constipation.

For atherosclerosis of the vessels of the lower extremities, paroxysmal pain in the legs is characteristic when walking, while at the same time the pain stops subsiding (intermittent claudication). In addition, there is chilliness of the legs, pale skin when cooled.

Diagnosis of atherosclerosis
In the diagnosis of atherosclerosis, its presence is determined, the localization of atherosclerotic plaques is determined, and the degree of damage to the internal organs is assessed. To detect lipid metabolism disorders, blood is tested for total cholesterol and its fractions – high and low density lipoproteins. To determine whether the blood circulation through the vessels is disturbed, angiography is used – a study with the introduction of a contrast agent into the blood, Doppler ultrasound. According to the testimony can be used and other more complex studies.

Atherosclerosis Treatment
Treatment of atherosclerosis is complex. It includes a diet with the restriction of animal fats and products containing cholesterol, the rejection of bad habits, in particular smoking, physical activity, the normalization of work and rest, as well as medication: lowering blood cholesterol, anti-platelet drugs ), beta-blockers of calcium channel blockers, diuretics (lower blood pressure), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis). If the symptoms of atherosclerosis were not resolved with the help of drugs, surgical treatment is carried out – angioplasty, bypass surgery, endarterectomy (removal of a portion of the vessel wall with a cholesterol plaque).

To drink or not to drink: how to take painkillers correctly
Painkillers, completely safe at first glance and so necessary for discomfort, can cause serious harm to the body. The person, experiencing painful sensations, seeks to get rid of them. And…

...

How stress affects our appearance
There is a direct connection between the psycho-emotional state and human health, so all our experiences have a negative effect on the beauty and youth of the body. Constant stress…

...

Why does the loin hurt?
Complaints of discomfort in the lower back periodically appear in almost every person. Unpleasant sensations can torment over the years or occur from time to time. Do not ignore such…

...

What is emotional burnout and how to cope with it
The open diary reminds you of hundreds of important tasks, the blinking screen of the phone signals a multitude of unread letters, and the calendar helpfully reminds you of the…

...