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Heart diseases

Heart disease takes the first place as the cause of death worldwide, and the death rate from them is constantly increasing. Why is this happening ?: Sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, poor environment, constant stress, bad habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol – all this contributes to the disruption of the work of our heart. As a result, heart diseases occur, which significantly impair the quality of life, lead to disability, and in some cases to death.

There are a lot of heart diseases, and each has its own, unique symptoms. But doctors identify some common signs of heart failure.

Fatigue, constant feeling of fatigue – the condition is quite common and may be associated with various pathologies. However, it may also indicate heart disease.

Shortness of breath, feeling of lack of air can appear during exercise, in more severe cases – and at rest. This is a very characteristic symptom of heart disease.

Arrhythmia is a heart rhythm disorder. Most often there is tachycardia, or rapid pulse. As a rule, rapid heartbeat accompanies physical exertion, stress, fear. But if this condition appears often and for no specific reason, it is necessary to consult a specialist.

Sternum pain is also a specific symptom of heart disease. The pain can manifest itself in different ways: acute, constricting, or felt as a heaviness in the chest, short-term or prolonged, giving in to the shoulder, arm or leg.
Symptoms of heart disease also include such manifestations as edema, increased sweating, nausea, dizziness and fainting.

Heart diseases can be congenital and acquired, inflammatory, caused by the penetration of the infection, caused by disturbances in the work of the circulatory system, anomalies in anatomy.

Heart pathologies such as coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, arrhythmias, heart disease, myocarditis, pericarditis endocarditis, heart failure are most common.

Coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as coronary heart disease, is the most common heart disease caused by narrowing of the coronary vessels, resulting in impaired blood supply to the heart. The main symptom of coronary artery disease is angina, manifested by pain in the chest: pressure, weight, burning, aching pain. The pain can spread to the back, neck, arms, shoulders. IHD is also characterized by dyspnea, rapid or spasmodic heartbeat, nausea, increased sweating, dizziness and weakness.

If a painful attack in CHD lasts more than 15 minutes and is not relieved by conventional medications, this may indicate the development of myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction occurs due to the death of muscle tissue of the heart as a result of lack of blood supply. Along with chest pain with myocardial infarction, severe weakness with sweating, shortness of breath, feeling of suffocation, dizziness. Nausea and vomiting are possible. For some people, a heart attack can go away without symptoms.

Inflammatory diseases of the heart: myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle), endocarditis and pericarditis (inflammation of the inner and outer membrane of the heart) – can be caused by a viral, bacterial or fungal infection, immune disruptions, injuries. As a rule, these diseases are complications of ARVI, sore throats, flu, etc. With the wrong treatment or its absence, viruses and bacteria, moving with the blood flow, can reach the heart and cause inflammation of its tissues.

Pericarditis is a deadly disease. The reasons for it, along with infectious diseases, can be autoimmune diseases and injuries. When pericardium in the pericardium accumulates fluid that prevents the contraction of the heart muscle, which can cause complete cardiac arrest. Symptoms of pericarditis are acute chest pain (can be given to the neck, back, hands), heart palpitations, a slight fever. The patient’s condition improves when sitting upright, but in the prone position, as well as when swallowing, coughing, taking a deep breath, the symptoms increase.

Endocarditis can develop after infectious diseases, as well as surgical interventions, even minor, such as the removal of a tooth or tonsils. In this disease, the symptoms are specific: fever, chills, pain in the joints, grayish skin, and thickening of the phalanges of the fingers. Endocarditis is dangerous for its complications: heart failure, valve rupture, heart disease, and impaired kidney function.

Myocarditis occurs under the action of bacteria, viruses, fungi, drugs, toxins. Often it proceeds without clear symptoms and ends with recovery. The danger is the possible occurrence of cardiomyopathy.

Heart defects are diseases that are characterized by various anomalies of parts of the heart: partitions, valves, large vessels.

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