Why do we need stem cells
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Why do we need stem cells

Today, probably everyone has heard about stem cells. But around this topic there are so many speculations and rumors that it is very difficult to separate the truth from the fables. Let’s try to figure out what stem cells can help us with and why we need to preserve them. This will help us experts Pokrovsky stem cell bank.
Why do we need stem cells

Today, probably everyone has heard about stem cells. But around this topic there are so many speculations and rumors that it is very difficult to separate the truth from the fables. Let’s try to figure out what stem cells can help us with and why we need to preserve them. This will help us experts Pokrovsky stem cell bank.

What are stem cells?

Stem cells are the precursor cells of the cells from which all human organs and tissues are formed. When conception occurs, during the first month a live lump – the embryo – consists only of stem cells. They are the strongest, but you can not use them – such a ban imposed by the governments of all countries of the world.

Where are the stem cells?

Stem cells are found in small amounts in the bone marrow and adipose tissue of a person. And with age, their number decreases, and the quality deteriorates. Scientists have learned how to isolate such cells from the bone marrow and use them to treat diseases. But the optimal source of stem cells is blood located in the placenta and umbilical cord of the newborn. It is in her concentration of stem cells is maximum.

How do stem cells get?

Stem cells can be isolated from human bone marrow and their number can be increased. And you can get them from umbilical cord blood, and this possibility is available only at the time of birth of the child.

How does this happen? As soon as the baby was born, the doctor who takes the child inserts a needle into the umbilical vein, and from there gravity flows from 50 to 250 ml of blood, which by 3-5% consists of powerful and strong stem cells.

As you can see, the procedure for collecting umbilical cord blood stem cells is completely painless and absolutely safe for both mother and baby. It can be carried out both at natural childbirth, and at Cesarean section.

Then, within 4–6 hours, the cord blood is delivered to the laboratory. Here it is processed, frozen and stored. Cord blood stem cells, frozen under certain conditions, can be stored at extremely low temperatures for decades.

What do stem cell banks do?

Stem cell banks process and store blood samples containing stem cells. Storage of stem cells can be public and nominal. Samples from the public registry can be used by anyone who needs stem cells. When stored by stem cells, their owners dispose of them. Thus, stem cells isolated from umbilical cord blood belong to the child’s parents. But in this case, they pay for their services in taking, processing and storing them.

Why do you need to preserve stem cells?

Today, medicine can do a lot, but there are diseases that stem cells can help fight. In many cases, they contribute to the restoration of blood, bone marrow, tissue regeneration after wounds and burns.

One of the problems is the selection of stem cells suitable for a particular patient. With proper storage, all harvested stem cells will be native to your child and are ideal for him. In addition, with a high degree of probability they can be used for the help needed by the blood relatives of the baby.

What diseases can stem cells help?

The list has more than 80 diseases. The most severe and common are:

blood diseases (leukemia) and malignant tumors;
diabetes;
heart disease;
stroke and brain damage;
muscular dystrophy;
Parkinson’s disease;
Alzheimer’s disease;
multiple sclerosis;
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
systemic lupus erythematosus.

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