Sharply dizzy – what are the reasons?
A sharp rise or a quick head movement can cause a whole storm of unpleasant emotions. There is a feeling that the whole world began to rotate. In order not to lose balance, it becomes necessary to immediately find support. Familiar condition? It’s about dizziness. Practically all people periodically face it. What is the reason for such a phenomenon? What causes dizziness in women and men?
Dizziness is a rather unpleasant condition in which a person who is stationary feels the rotation of surrounding objects around him. This phenomenon is reminiscent of riding on the carousel. In medicine, vertigo is called vertigo.
Most often, dizziness is not dangerous for humans. It arises in response to harmless factors. After their elimination, the unpleasant feeling completely disappears. But sometimes vertigo can signal serious pathologies that require proper and timely treatment.
Development mechanism vertigo
If you look at dizziness from the anatomical point of view, the reasons for this condition are quite simple. The vestibular apparatus, which is responsible for the balance of a person and coordination in space, is located in the inner ear section. Vision and muscular reflexes help one to orient oneself in the environment. All information received goes to the brain. And it is he who controls the work of the vestibular apparatus.
Vertigo is a symptom of various pathologies.
Sometimes the connection between the inner ear and the brain can be broken. A person loses the ability to navigate in space. Dizziness appears. To restore the lost connection, the brain immediately launches several reactions at once. Some of them may touch adjacent centers (for example, gagging). This leads to unpleasant accompanying symptoms.
Sudden dizziness: 5 simple reasons.
Usually the loss of communication between the brain and the vestibular apparatus is rare and does not last long.
Emerging dizziness is not considered pathology in the following cases:
Riding on the carousel. Such entertainment creates a serious load on the vestibular apparatus. And if he is naturally weak and not trained, then it may well fail. Such dizziness usually occurs in women, since they also add psycho-emotional experiences to the load.
Stress, anxiety. If dizziness arose during a speech in front of a large audience or after the chief’s reprimand, then the reason for vertigo is in producing a large amount of adrenaline. This hormone causes a spasm of blood vessels. And this leads to a temporary deterioration of blood flow in the brain.
Rise to a height. In this case, the unpleasant phenomenon is also considered the physiological norm. When climbing to a height, a person’s eyes cannot quickly focus on distant and close objects. Sharp switching between objects and causes dizziness.
Hunger. Similar problems are common to all lovers of tough diets. If a person does not receive sufficient nutrition, then a deficiency of glucose occurs in his body. The absence of the main “fuel” leads to a deterioration of the brain and the appearance of dizziness.
Active exercise. Workout lovers should be mindful of moderation. Too active activities can cause a decrease in pressure. This leads to dizziness, and sometimes to fainting. The basis of an unpleasant condition can be unsuccessful sudden movements of the head, as a result of which the blood supply in the brain is disturbed.
An attack of vertigo can occur in response to taking certain medications. The most common source of an unpleasant symptom is NSAIDs, antidepressants, antibiotics, cancer drugs. If the medication has turned the head, be sure to consult a doctor to replace the drug.
Sharp dizziness: 6 pathological causes
The causes of vertigo are not always harmless. Sometimes diseases become sources of an unpleasant condition. In this case, dizziness occurs quite often and can last longer than a few seconds. To cope with this phenomenon, you must consult a doctor. To reduce the severity of the symptom (and sometimes completely eliminate it) is possible only with the help of the correct treatment of the underlying disease.
When osteochondrosis often hurts or dizzy
So, the causes of dizziness may lie in the following pathologies:
Vegetative dystonia (VVD). A complex disorder in which a person has many disorders. All of these symptoms are associated with disruptions in the functioning of the vegetative system. One of the common signs of IRR is dizziness. Such attacks are usually caused by sudden movements, rapid changes in posture. Dizziness short. They pass independently, without any intervention.
Violations in the cervical spine. Various injuries, osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia can periodically remind oneself of sharp bouts of vertigo. Usually they appear after active movements of the neck.