Nerves at the limit: how to manifest a nervous breakdown
All mechanisms have their strength limit. The human body is no exception. People, especially strong in spirit, can withstand the onslaught of stress for a long time. But at a certain time the voltage reaches a peak. It becomes unbearable. To relieve tension, the body automatically turns on its protective mechanism. It is usually called a nervous breakdown.
What is this condition? What are the causes of a nervous breakdown? And how does an unpleasant phenomenon manifest itself?
What you need to know about the pathology
Various psychological problems, chronic fatigue and high irritability are often attributed to the complexity of life. Meanwhile, troubles at work or in the family can lead to stress.
Such a state is a serious burden for any organism. And if you do not deal with stress, then sooner or later there is a nervous breakdown.
It occurs at the moment when all the proper resources of the nervous system are exhausted. No wonder they say: the nerves to the limit. The body can no longer cope with stress. There is a crash.
Nervous breakdowns are characteristic of excitable, emotional, sensitive people. In addition, the risk group includes residents of megacities, workers associated with constant voltage, as well as people who find themselves in difficult life situations.
The main causes of a nervous breakdown are in the disruption of the brain activity that ensures the adaptation of the patient. Such changes lead to the development of mental and somatic pathologies. Since the body has a close relationship between humoral (this is signal transmission with the help of hormones through the blood, lymph) and nervous mechanisms, any mental disorders cause problems in the functioning of the internal organs.
Women are more prone to nervous breakdown than men
If a person experiences strong tension, anger, adrenaline synthesis increases in his body. Insulin production increases immediately.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone pituitary is synthesized in large quantities. The adrenal cortex is activated. The release of catecholamines (active substances that provide interaction of cells in the nervous system, for example, dopamine, norepinephrine) is increasing.
Such a mechanism often underlies the appearance of panic attacks.
6 causes of nervous breakdown
Nervous breakdowns never occur in an empty place. They are preceded by long-term tensions, stresses, painful experiences, shocks. Most often, according to statistics from psychiatrists, breakdowns occur against the background of domestic and personal troubles.
Household and family factors
Unhealthy situations cause a person some emotional state, against the background of which is formed the wrong self-esteem. It may be inflated or undervalued. Such an attitude towards oneself creates irritability, anxiety, causes insomnia and obsession at certain moments.
Constant lack of sleep, fatigue, dissatisfaction with themselves gradually accumulate. And when the cup of patience overflows, then even the smallest trifle can provoke a real storm of emotions.
Domestic quarrels in the family
The causes of such disruptions are often hidden in the following factors:
excessive jealousy of one spouse;
the leadership of one spouse and the suppression of the other;
excessive indulgence or rigor to the child;
constant quarrels in the family, conflicts;
Inflated demands for children and the ambitions of parents.
In women, very often family and household stress causes a nervous breakdown. Such a reason is detected in almost 95% of all cases. In men, it is found only in 35% of cases.
In this case, conflicts arise between a person and his environment. This may be households, colleagues, close relatives, neighbors. Conflicts can occur between children and parents.
Interpersonal conflicts arise when the needs of one person sharply contradict the needs of another.
For some people (overly responsible and attached to work) they play a key role in the appearance of a nervous breakdown. Unpleasant situations at work to a greater extent affect the state of men.
At the heart of the breakdown may lie such moments:
the absence (especially for a long time) of career advancement;
heavy office atmosphere.
A nervous breakdown can happen due to work.
This is one of the most common causes of nervous breakdowns in the stronger sex. Conflicts arise between desires, needs and emotions of a person. Often, neurotic disorders occur on the background of:
lack of self-realization;
impossibility to reach certain peaks;
non-fulfillment of tasks
Death of loved ones
This is the most powerful factor traumatizing the psyche. However, he alone can not provoke a nervous breakdown. Most often, the negative accumulates for a long time and breaks out under the influence of the loss of a loved one.