To drink or not to drink: how to take painkillers correctly
Painkillers, completely safe at first glance and so necessary for discomfort, can cause serious harm to the body. The person, experiencing painful sensations, seeks to get rid of them. And yet not every pain can be suppressed by analgesics. In what cases and why it is impossible to drink painkillers, and when is it necessary?
What types of pain are
Pain is a signal that indicates any malfunction or disturbance that occurs in the body. It varies in intensity. May occur periodically or torment constantly.
Two forms of pain
Doctors classify pain into two categories:
Spicy Such pain appears suddenly. It is sharp, pronounced. In most cases, a person can accurately identify the reasons that provoked discomfort (fall, injury, bruise).
Chronic. She can torment the patient for several days, weeks, months. Minor pain initially occurs. Gradually, it is growing. Pain syndrome accompanies many different pathologies (rheumatism, arthrosis, oncology).
Chronic pain can develop pathology.
Classification of pain by localization
Depending on the area in which discomfort occurs, physicians divide pain into the following types:
1. Somatic. Discomfort arises in response to stimulation or damage to the skin or deep structures (muscles, bones, ligaments). Somatic pain syndrome is permanent, pronounced. The patient can accurately identify the area of concern. The pain can be:
superficial (affected skin only);
deep (damaged musculoskeletal system).
2. Visceral. This pain is caused by abnormalities in the internal organs. It can provoke inflammatory processes, chronic diseases. Most often, the discomfort is permanent. Sometimes it is difficult for a patient to pinpoint the epicenter of discomfort. The pain may radiate to the adjacent zones.
If the localization of pain does not coincide with the area of damage, then it is classified into:
1. Projected. By the unpleasant sensations and symptoms, you can determine the nature of the violations in the body. For example, if the intervertebral discs are damaged and the roots are squeezed, pain is felt in the innervated parts of the body (tingling, numbness of the arms, legs).
2. Reflected. Damage to internal organs causes pain in remote areas of the body.
Classification by pain
To determine the severity of pain, a special scale of pain was developed. Evaluation occurs on a 10-point system.
The intensity of sensations is determined by such a system:
0 – pain is completely absent;
1 – slight, mild discomfort;
2 – irritating sensations, but mild;
3 – a noticeable pain that periodically distracts from work, but you can get used to such discomfort;
4 – moderate discomfort, they can be ignored, but the pain often reminds of itself;
5 – moderately severe discomfort, which can be ignored for a short time and only with some effort;
6 – severe pain, it interferes with any activities and does not allow to focus on any tasks;
7 – severe discomfort, fully concentrating attention on oneself, limits the ability to communicate and work;
8 – intense, severe pain, it does not give the opportunity to perform ordinary affairs and limits communication with others;
9 – painful discomfort, in which moans and screams erupt from the patient;
10 – unbearable, pronounced pain, which can cause loss of consciousness, delusional state.
Pain: tolerate or not tolerate
There is an opinion among the people: you can suffer a little, and the pain will pass. Doctors say that this decision is wrong. Sometimes it can lead to serious consequences.
If you tolerate pain, it can turn into a chronic stage.
A strong “exposure” is fraught with such complications:
Chronization process. Pain that does not stop may become permanent.
Destruction of nerve structures. Prolonged discomfort leads to damage to the nerve endings.
The deterioration of psycho-emotional state. Against the background of chronic pain, the patient develops irritability and anxiety. A person is faced with constant mood swings.
The development of pathologies. Pain triggers complex processes in the body that lead to increased discomfort and can cause vascular and heart diseases.
Ways to deal with pain
So, what pain can not be tolerated? Doctors believe that any discomfort should be stopped. Sometimes painkillers help to get rid of unpleasant sensations. But in some cases they are ineffective.
In the usual practice, doctors recommend stopping with painkillers:
headaches – you can eliminate the discomfort with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs);
minor injuries (sprains, bruises) – NSAIDs of moderate strength;
pain in the kidneys (except colic) – combined analgesics, antispasmodics;
moderate injuries (injuries, burns, fractures) – NSAIDs, opioid analgesics;
slight backache, limbs – NSAIDs.