Wet problem: causes of sweating
Sweating is a very important and natural process that all people without exception are exposed to. It protects the body from overheating. But some people, even in the hottest weather, face a slight perspiration, while others feel the appearance of cold, sticky sweat constantly. What causes hyperhidrosis of the whole body? And how can I fix the situation?
Sweating: what is considered normal and what is pathology
In the human body is about 4 million sweat glands. Moreover, women have more of them than men. But it is in the representatives of the stronger sex that the sweat glands function more actively. Their work is controlled by a symptomatic nervous system. Glands secrete sweat, which is a clear liquid, which contains salts, water, proteins, and lipids.
Why does a person sweat? The main function of perspiration is to provide the body with thermoregulation. So, under the influence of intense heat, the human body begins to heat up. In order not to provoke overheating, the brain immediately requires to cool the body and sends a signal to the sweat glands. Sweat starts to stand out. Vaporizing from the surface of the skin, it reduces body temperature.
Approximately 1% of the population has severe sweating, the causes of which are hidden in the hyperfunction of the sweat glands.
Increased perspiration due to physical exertion
Functions of sweat glands
Thermoregulation is the main, but far from the only function of the sweat glands. Scientists believe that sweating performs a number of critical tasks, such as:
removal of toxins from the body, thereby increasing local immunity and reduces the degree of intoxication;
cleansing of pores, which serves to prevent the onset of acne and comedones (black spots);
getting rid of pathogenic bacteria.
Norm or deviation?
Sweating may be caused by the following reasons:
treatment with certain drugs;
eating spicy foods;
active physical activity;
abundant fluid intake.
In these cases, perspiration is not considered a deviation. This is a normal physiological process. But if a person experiences sweating without a cause, then the sources of the problem should be sought in the pathologies occurring in the body.
Excessive sweating: types, symptoms and causes
Increased sweating, preventing a person from living comfortably, is called hyperhidrosis. This pathology is a symptom of many different diseases and in some countries is not allocated to a separate disease.
According to ICD, hyperhidrosis is allocated to a separate disease, which is assigned a code 780.8.
Varieties of pathology
Primary. This form of pathology is sometimes called idiopathic or essential. Sweating develops in early childhood and is not a symptom of any disease. This is sweating for no reason. Scientists believe that the primary hyperhidrosis is caused by the active work of sweat glands or an increase in their number in the body.
Secondary. Sweating triggered by certain diseases.
According to the degree of prevalence, sweating is classified into:
inguinal and perineal;
By the time course of the pathology is:
seasonal (occurs only in extreme heat);
intermittent (makes itself felt in stressful situations);
Doctors distinguish 3 degrees of hyperhidrosis.
Sweating is mild and occurs quite rarely. The person does not experience any social problems.
Sweating more pronounced. Often it creates discomfort (for example, when shaking hands).
Excessive sweating. It creates serious problems for people (the smell of sweat, wet clothes).
Sweat while shaking hands
Signs of hyperhidrosis
The main symptom of hyperhidrosis is the appearance of sweat, which causes discomfort in a person. Sweating is accompanied by an unpleasant, pungent odor. Sometimes pathology is associated with a sudden deterioration of health.
At night, natural sweating usually disappears. The person is not nervous and practically does not move. But if we are talking about hyperhidrosis, the unpleasant symptoms at night may increase.
Causes of sweating
Excessive sweating may appear under the influence of pathologies occurring in the body, or be caused by household factors.
The following reasons can provoke severe sweating:
Improper nutrition. The abuse of spicy, spicy foods, excessive addiction to carbonated drinks, alcohol, coffee leads to increased sweating.
Poor quality clothing. Synthetic fabrics that do not allow air well, or out-of-season clothing provoke the appearance of hyperhidrosis.
Poor hygiene. Improper application of deodorants (for example, on a wet body) does not block the release of sweat. Deodorant is simply washed off with moisture from the surface of the body.